shutterstock 1135603496The human brain is amazing. It starts developing in the womb and keeps on growing as the child starts to form more complex thoughts. 

Intelligence may be inherited, but brain development can be supported, enhanced, and optimized. As parents, we try our best to promote cognitive growth so that children hit their cognitive milestones on time. The good news is we can do this in different ways. 

Tips for Promoting Cognitive Growth

Studies say the first three years of life are critical to brain development. So what can you do to encourage it?

Proper nourishment is certainly imperative. However, besides giving children the best brain food, what other efforts can we make as parents, and which other areas can we explore to support cognitive development during nursery or early years education

1.   Music

You can use music to help children learn several things, from letters and numbers to colors and shapes – all the basic concepts and more. From hearing educational songs over and over again, they’ll pick up the tune as well as the words and what they mean. Songs are definitely a great aid in developing memory and language skills.

2.   Educational Games and Toys

You can reinforce learning by using other tools and activities such as flashcards and puzzles. There are plenty of affordable options, but you can also make them using materials you already have on hand.

You can even make a game using the items around you as they are. For instance, you can make a habit of counting things that come in multiples, spotting letters and numbers in the room, or touching the color that you call out.

3.   Sounds

This is a fun way for children to learn how to identify objects. By associating sounds they hear with corresponding sources, they are able to add to their knowledge. By imitating sounds they get a better command of the muscles in their mouth, which helps in speech development.

4.   Choices

This is important in teaching independence. By letting kids choose which snack they will eat or which outfit they will wear, they realize that they have a say in their life. It gives them opportunities for exercising control, building confidence, and understanding consequences.

When they’re really young, just offer them two things of your own choosing. Don’t give them free rein in the kitchen or their closet. This way, you can guarantee that their choice is healthy or appropriate.

5.   Questions

Your children will come up with a plethora of questions as they learn about the world. It’s important to pay attention! Reply accordingly when you know the answer, and when you don’t, demonstrate your interest in their learning by helping them figure out the answer. Search engines are a gift in this sense.

Besides receiving questions, pose them as well. Encourage your children to think, work out problems, discover solutions, and form opinions. Just by asking simple questions, you stimulate their thoughts and challenge their minds.

6.   Spaces

Let them explore new places. These don’t have to be exotic destinations or expensive parks. Children are curious. They’ll be fascinated by the most mundane things. The mall, the market, the local park, the church, the office — the options are endless. These are all avenues that will add to their observations and learning.

7.   Activities

If you can afford baby and toddler classes, that’s good. An early start on skills training does give them an advantage. You can also take littles to playgrounds, play with pets, go on playdates, meet different people, watch free shows, and engage in outdoor activities. As long as they keep on having new experiences, you can be certain that they’re enriching their lives with more learning.

Understanding Your Influence

Whether by nature or nurture, parents play a significant role in how children’s cognitive abilities develop. You can’t do much about genetics, but you definitely have a huge say regarding their environment. Make sure that it is conducive to optimized brain development, especially in the critical years.


Alan Williamson is the Chief Education Officer at  Kings' Education, a premium school brand in Dubai which leads a fantastic group of premium UK curriculum schools, including Child’s Play Nursery. As well as being passionate about teaching and learning, Alan has been actively involved in school leadership related to Special Educational Needs.